In line with the Convention on the Rights of Child, 1992, the Government of India enacted the Commission for Protection of the Child Rights Act, 2005 (“Act“) which provides for the constitution of a National Commission and State Commissions for Protection of Child Rights and Children’s Courts for providing speedy trial of offences against children or of violation of child rights and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
As per the Act, Child Rights include the children’s rights adopted under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child on the 20th day of November, 1989 and ratified by the Government of India on the 11th December, 1992.
As per the Act, the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights is empowered / has inter alia the following functions:
a. inquire into violation of child rights and recommend initiation of proceedings in such cases;
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